Isolation is used to separate people infected with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, from people who are not infected.
People who are in isolation should stay home until it’s safe for them to be around others. In the home, anyone sick or infected should separate themselves from others by staying in a specific “sick room” or area and using a separate bathroom (if available).
Isolation or Quarantine: What’s the difference?
Quarantine keeps someone who might be exposed to the virus away from others.
Isolation keeps someone who is infected with the virus away from others, even in their home.
Who needs to isolate?
People who have received a positive test result for COVID-19.
- People who have symptoms of COVID-19 and are able to recover at home.
- People who have no symptoms (asymptomatic) but have tested positive for infection with COVID-19.
Steps to take:
Stay home except to get medical care.
- Monitor your symptoms. If you have any emergency waring signs (including trouble breathing), seek emergency care immediately.
- Stay in a separate room from other household members, if possible.
- Use a separate bathroom, if possible.
- Avoid contact with other members of the household and pets.
- Don’t share personal household items, like cups, towels and utensils.
- Wear a mask when around other people, if you are able to.
When you can be around others after you had or likely had COVID-19:
When you can be around others (end home isolation) depends on different factors for different situations. The Center’s for Disease Control (CDC), provides the following recommendations for the situations outlined below.
Scenario #1 - I tested positive for COVID-19 and I have symptoms.
You can be with others after:
- At least 10 days since symptoms first appeared and
- At least 24 hours with no fever without fever-reducing medication and
- Other symptoms of COVID-19 are improving. Loss of taste and smell may persist for weeks or months after recovery and need not delay the end of isolation
If you had severe illness from COVID-19 (you were admitted to a hospital and needed oxygen), your healthcare provider may recommend that you stay in isolation for longer than 10 days after your symptoms first appeared (possibly up to 20 days) and you may need to finish your period of isolation at home. If testing is available in your community, your healthcare provider may recommend that you undergo repeat testing for COVID-19 to end your isolation earlier than would be done according to the criteria above. If so, you can be around others after you receive two negative tests results in a row, from tests done at least 24 hours apart.
Scenario #2 - I tested positive for COVID-19 but had no symptoms.
If you continue to have no symptoms, you can be with others after:
- 10 days have passed since the date you had your positive test
If testing is available in your community, your healthcare provider may recommend that you undergo repeat testing for COVID-19 to end your isolation earlier than would be done according to the criteria above. If so, you can be around others after you receive two negative test results in a row, from tests done at least 24 hours apart.
If you develop symptoms after testing positive, follow the guidance above for “I think or know I had COVID, and I had symptoms.”
Scenario #3 - I had COVID-19 or I tested positive for COVID-19 and I have a weakened immune system.
If you have a weakened immune system (immunocompromised) due to a health condition or medication, you might need to stay home and isolate longer than 10 days. Talk to your healthcare provider for more information.
If testing is available in your community, your healthcare provider may recommend you undergo repeat testing for COVID-19. If your healthcare provider recommends testing, you can be with others after you receive two negative test results in a row, at least 24 hours apart.
Your doctor may work with an infectious disease expert at your local health department to determine when you can be around others.
Content source: www.cdc.gov,
(Isolate if you are sick, 2020)