Prevea Health

Stay Safe This Summer

 
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With summer in full swing, it’s a good time for a quick refresher course on summer safety. Below are some tips to keep you and yours safe all summer long.

Heat-Related Illness
On extremely hot days, stay indoors if possible. Air-conditioning is preferred; if a fan is the only option, mist yourself with cool water to help your body temperature cool down.

Watch for signs of heat-related illness such as muscle cramps and heat exhaustion. Heat exhaustion is the body’s response to excessive loss of water and salt, usually through heavy sweating. Symptoms include headache; nausea; vomiting; dizziness; fainting; feeling weak; rapid; shallow breathing; fast, weak pulse; cold, pale, clammy skin. If you or a family member experiences heat-related illness symptoms:
  • Get out of the sun; lie down and rest in a cool place.
  • Drink fluids — water or a sports drink.
  • Visit your doctor or an emergency room if symptoms
    continue or get worse after one hour.

Heat Stroke
Heat stroke occurs when the body can no longer cool down. The body’s temperature rises rapidly, to 105 degrees Fahrenheit or higher, and loses the ability to sweat. Other symptoms include red, hot, dry, skin; rapid, strong pulse; dizziness; throbbing headache; nausea; confusion; unconsciousness; oral temperature of 103.1 degrees Fahrenheit or higher. Seek immediate medical care if these symptoms are present. The most serious heat-related disorder, heat stroke can cause death or permanent disability if emergency treatment is not given.
  • Call for emergency medical assistance.
  • Get out of the sun; lie down and rest in a cool place.
  • Remove as much clothing as possible.
  • Shower, bathe or sponge off with cool water.
  • Do not give a child anything to drink due to the risk of
    inhaling liquid into his or her lungs.

Water
  • Keep your kids safe in the water by enrolling them in swimming lessons
  • Always swim with a buddy and never allow anyone to swim alone
  • Actively supervise kids whenever around the water—even if lifeguards are present—and teach children to always ask permission to go near water
  • Have young children or inexperienced swimmers wear life jackets around water
  • If you go boating, wear a life jacket. Most boating fatalities occur from drowning.

Fireworks 
  • Light fireworks outside and away from people, houses and flammable materials
  • Be sure to light one device at a time and stay a safe distance away after lighting
  • Don’t allow children to handle fireworks and supervise older children.
  • Do not allow any running or playing while fireworks are being used
  • Do not try to re-light or handle fireworks that do not work. Instead, soak them with water and discard them safely.

Insects
  • To prevent tick bites, wear light-colored clothing, so you can spot any ticks easily
  • Insect repellant is also helpful.  Apply a repellent containing DEET to clothes and exposed skin, and apply permethrin, which kills ticks on contact, to clothes.
    • Use a Repellent that has between 10-30 percent DEET
    • It is not recommended to use repellent that contains more than 30 percent DEET.
    • Products with approximately 10 percent DEET last about 2 hours.
    • Products with approximately 25 percent DEET last about 5 hours.
  • If you are bitten, when getting the tick out, get as much of it as possible. Using a tweezers is helpful.

Grilling
  • The grill should be placed well away from the home, deck railings and out from under eaves and overhanging branches
  • When you are finished using a charcoal grill, let the coals completely cool before placing them in a metal container
  • If you have a propane grill, be sure to check the gas tank hose for leaks before using it for the first time each year. You can do this by applying a light soap and water solution to the hose. If it releases bubbles, it is leaking. If your grill has a gas leak, turn off the gas tank and grill. If the leak stops, get the grill serviced by a professional before using it again. If the leak does not stop, call the fire department. If you smell gas while cooking, move away from the grill and call the fire department, but do not move the grill.
For more information on sun exposure and sun safety, click here.

Our partnership with the Center for Childhood Safety allows the opportunity to work closely together on injury prevention programs and keeping our children safe. For more information on this topic and resources on a variety of child safety topics, click here.
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