The bladder is a hollow organ in the lower part of the abdomen that stores urine until it is passed out of the body.
The most common type of bladder cancer is transitional cell carcinoma, which begins in urothelial cells that line the inside of the bladder. Urothelial cells are transitional cells, which are able to change shape and stretch when the bladder is full. This type of cancer is also called urothelial carcinoma. Other types of bladder cancer include squamous cell carcinoma (cancer that begins in thin, flat cells lining the bladder) and adenocarcinoma (cancer that begins in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids).
People who smoke have an increased risk of bladder cancer. Exposure to certain chemicals and chronic bladder infections can also increase the risk of bladder cancer.
The most common sign of bladder cancer is blood in the urine. It is often diagnosed at an early stage, when the cancer is easiest to treat.
Treatment could involve surgery such as fulguration of small bladder tumors, surgical resection of the bladder tumors or cystectomy (bladder removal).
In addition to surgery, you may need treatment from other physician specialists such as medical oncology or radiation oncology. A cancer treatment team works together to develop an individualized plan to deliver the most effective treatment for each patient. Standard treatment may include one or a combination of the following:
- Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy X-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing.
Biologic therapy: Biologic therapy is a treatment that uses the patient’s immune system to fight cancer. Substances made by the body or made in a laboratory are used to boost, direct or restore the body’s natural defenses against cancer. This type of cancer treatment is also called biotherapy or immunotherapy. Treatments are given in the office weekly for three to six weeks.
Call to schedule an appointment with Prevea Urology:
Green Bay, Sturgeon Bay and Oconto Falls (920) 436-1359
Sheboygan, Plymouth and Manitowoc (920) 458-6664
Find a doctor