The prostate gland makes fluid that forms part of semen. The prostate lies just below the bladder in front of the rectum. It surrounds the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine and semen through the penis and out of the body.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the United States, after skin cancer. It is the second leading cause of death from cancer in men.
Almost all prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas, cancers that begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids. Prostate cancer often has no early symptoms. Advanced prostate cancer can cause men to urinate more often or have a weaker flow of urine, but these symptoms can also be caused by benign prostate conditions.
Prostate cancer usually grows very slowly. Most men with prostate cancer are older than 65 years and do not die from the disease. Finding and treating prostate cancer before symptoms occur may not improve health or help you live longer.
Treatment may include:
Call to schedule an appointment with Prevea Urology:
- Watchful waiting or active surveillance: Surveillance is closely following a patient's condition without giving any treatment unless there are changes in test results.
- Surgery: Surgery could include radical prostatectomy, either open or via the da Vinci robot.
- Hormone Therapy: Hormone therapy is a cancer treatment that removes hormones or blocks their action and stops cancer cells from growing.
- Bisphosphonate therapy: Bisphosphonate drugs reduce the risk for osteoporosis that may be associated with hormone therapy.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing.
- Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy X-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing.
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