The testicles are two glands inside the scrotum, a sac of loose skin below the penis. The testicles make sperm and the hormone testosterone.
Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in men 15 to 34 years of age. The two main types of testicular tumors are seminoma and nonseminoma. Nonseminomas tend to grow and spread more quickly than seminomas.
The most common sign of testicular cancer is a lump or swelling in the testicle. Most testicular cancers can be cured, even if they are diagnosed at an advanced stage.
Treatment for testicular cancer can cause infertility by decreasing the amount of sperm made by the body. Men who want to have children may want to use sperm banking to store sperm before they begin treatment.
Treatment options may include:
- Surgery: Surgery could include radical orchiectomy and prosthetic replacement.
- Surveillance: Surveillance is closely following a patient's condition without giving any treatment unless there are changes in test results.
In addition, you may need treatment from other physician specialists such as medical oncology or radiation oncology. A cancer treatment team works together to develop an individualized plan to deliver the most effective treatment for each patient. Standard treatment may include one or a combination of the following:
Call to schedule an appointment with Prevea Urology:
- Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy X-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing.
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